What is Guided tissue regeneration (GTR)?
Guided tissue regeneration (GTR) is one of the known regenerative procedures. It is the technique used to mend periodontal issues so that the tooth, or the set of teeth, has more stability and support. Periodontal disease occurs due to chronic infection caused by the leftover bacteria trapped under the gums, causing a substantial breakdown of hard and soft tissues. The breakdown leads to gaps formed between the bones and the teeth forming deep pocket teeth. The GTR method uses a resorbable or non-resorbable artificial membrane to keep soft tissues (gums) from growing into these deep pocket teeth sites. The artificial membrane is crucial as it allows the slower migrating bone-growing cells to replace the damaged sites.
How GTR works?
There are three steps involved in GTR procedure:
Osseous surgery:
The gum is separated from the teeth using a flap. The area under the gum is cleaned out to devoid it from all bacterias. Osseous surgery halts the progression of periodontal infection and helps in long term maintenance.
Separating tissues:
The membrane is placed between gums and teeth, which provides the necessary space and time for the healing process.
After healing:
The stitches and membrane are dissolved or removed manually. After six months, the process is repeated.
Gum diseases causes

  • Smoking and chewing tobacco
  • Consuming oral contraceptives and steroids
  • Chemotherapy
  • Having crooked or misaligned teeth
  • Hormonal changes
  • Being HIV positive
  • Having genetic disorders like Gingivitis
You can't prevent things beyond your control, such as genetic disorders, but you must do your best to prevent it by constantly engaging in teeth and gum care.

Gum diseases symptoms

  • Your gums bleed when you brush your teeth
  • Gums seem to pull away from the teeth
  • If your teeth loosen
  • Pus between your teeth and gums
  • Pain while chewing food
  • Extreme sensitivity
  • Constant foul breath or ill-fitting partial dentures
  • Red, swollen, or tender gums

Prevention of gum diseases
  • Brush your teeth using a Flouride toothpaste (twice a day)
  • Floss daily to remove plaque
  • Do routine checkups and cleaning
  • Quit tobacco
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