STERILIZATION

The primary responsibility of a Dental clinic is to create a safe and hygiene environment for the patients. There are chances of cross-infection in dental treatments if the equipment’s and devices are not sterilized properly. Dental associations such as American Dental Association (ADA) and other disease control organizations devised a protocol to prevent cross-infections among dental patients. Doctors and supervisors must ensure that thorough cleaning and sterilization of all type of instruments is necessary for each time they are used. There are three stages in maintaining the instruments hygiene. Which starts with basic cleaning, then disinfection of instruments with liquid disinfectants and last sterilization process which kills microbes, bacterial spores on the dental instruments. There are several Sterilization methods: Auto clave or steam sterilization, Dry heat sterilization and Cold/ Chemical vapour sterilization. Different types of instruments are used in Dentistry: Critical, Semi-critical and Non-Critical Instruments which needs to be sterilized rightly. Sterilization Indicators are used to ensure effective sterilization. The Indicators suggested by ADA are Biological Indicators and Chemical Indicators. Biological Indicators are used to examine the instruments sterilized under steam and chemical sterilization methods by using high resistant bacterial spores. Chemical indicators are heat sensitive indicators which are used in the form of tapes or strips to monitor sterilization.

Ultrasonic cleaning devices

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Packaging

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Autoclaves

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Sterility assurance

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