Parents see it first?
Habits of the children are first observed by the parents ,be it
These require immediate attention of the doctor.Report them to your dentist as soon as you see them.These require habit breaking appliances,which if not given well in time have proven deleterious effects on the developing teeth. Treatment involves
Myofunctional appliances: Children during growing up years have a tremendous amount of energy in their muscles and jaws which can be used to correct their malformed dentition.Myofunctional appliances create a stable and harmonious relationship with oral structures and teeth.
Habit breaking appliances:Habits such as thumb sucking,nail-biting , lip biting can have deleterious effects on the oral structures as well as on the psychology of the child. Such habits should be corrected as soon as first seen. Appliances used are:
Headgears: In cases of the forwardly placed upper jaw( maxilla) or lower jaw (mandible) placed retruded position. In such cases, forces from the head, neck or both are applied to correct the deformity.
Orthodontic braces: These are small metallic pieces that can be fixed on the teeth and with the application of uniform force correction of malformed teeth can be made. These braces are fixed with the help of wires on the teeth and with the timely intervention of their placement, desired results are seen. These braces can be of metal, coloured braces,or invisible material braces (composite)
What should a parent do?