You may be experiencing problems with chipped or broken tooth or Tooth Erosion / Decay. There could be several reasons contributing to these problems and based on the problem the dental specialists need to evaluate the actual reasons that are causing the problem and accordingly suggest the best suitable dental treatment.Here are some of the most common dental problems that need repairing of the teeth.
a. Tooth Erosion due to Weak Enamel
Weak Enamel or Enamel loss normally occurs to people due to many reasons like the kind of food and drinks we consume including intake of Soda and other sugary beverages. There could be several other ways tooth erosion could occur like Dry mouth, Acid reflux, GI tract issues, Taking acidic medicines like aspirin or antihistamines, Low salivary flow, Genetics and Bruxism (Grinding of teeth). Sometimes even the way you brush (if you brush too much or too hard) can cause enamel loss.Though enamel cannot be replicated, our dental specialists at FORT can offer a couple of procedures to handle the enamel issues or eroded teeth
Bonding can be used in milder cases of enamel erosion. In this cosmetic procedure, resin that is tinted to match your tooth is applied to the tooth with the damage. Once it hardens, it is “bonded” to your tooth and then trimmed and polished to fit into your mouth correctly. The entire process takes an hour or less, and the bonding usually takes just one appointment.
A crown can be applied to a tooth in more serious cases of weak enamel. This procedure involves capping the tooth with a new one that will protect the damaged areas. A crown can restore function to a damaged tooth, allowing you to eat and drink without pain. It will also protect your tooth against future decay.
b. Chipped or Broken teeth
Teeth can get damaged in a numerous ways. You could be playing football without a mouth guard or chewing on a pencil or suffered a traumatic fall or crash which could have got you into a chipped or broken teeth condition. Apart from these you could be consuming foods like hard candies, ice, citrus fruits, soda or alcohol which can also damage your teeth. Even tooth decay or cavities could cause your teeth to break.There are different types of cracked teeth namelyCraze lines. These are tiny cracks that only affect the outer enamel. Craze lines are common for adults. They are shallow, cause no pain, and are of no concern beyond the way they look.Fractured cusp. When a piece of a tooth’s chewing surface breaks off, it’s called a fractured cusp. It usually doesn’t cause much pain.Cracked tooth. A cracked tooth means a crack extends from the chewing surface vertically toward the root. Early diagnosis is important in this case to save the tooth. A cracked tooth left untreated will get worse as time goes by and can result in a loss of the tooth. Early treatment is essential in saving cracked teeth.Split tooth. A split tooth is usually the result of a long-term cracked tooth. It is identified by a crack with distinct segments that can be separated. A split tooth cannot be saved intact.Vertical root fracture. These cracks begin in the root of the tooth and extend toward the chewing surface. Often, they show minimal signs and symptoms. Many times, they are discovered when the surrounding bone and gum become infected.Depending on the type of cracked or broken teeth condition, our dental specialists at FORT will suggest the most correct dental treatment from the below options
DENTAL BONDING Composite bonding is a way to repair chipped, cracked, decayed, discolored, misshapen, and gapped teeth. Composite bonding can last up to 10 years. Treatment will involve roughening the decayed teeth on a conditioning liquid. Then putty will be applied, molded and then ultra violet light is used for hardening. Finally the teeth will be shaped and polished to match with the other teeth.
DENTAL VENEERS Dental Veneers are another option to handle tooth decay / erosion. At FORT, we recommend using Porcelain veneers as these are long lasting and can stand for up to 30 years. However if people have the teeth grinding issue then Veneers are not recommended.
CROWNS / BRIDGES Crowns are recommended when you have a painful condition while chewing with your teeth. Again at FORT, we recommend using crowns created from tooth colored porcelain so as to give a most natural look to your teeth after fixing the crown. Crowns are fixed on top of your damaged teeth.
ROOT CANAL THERAPY A Root Canal treatment is suggested if your cracked teeth has extended into the pulp in which case it is necessary to clear out the decayed tooth matter and removing the nerve.