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What is TMD (temporomandibular disorders)?

Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) means having several problems with jaw movement and pain in and around the jaw joints. A typical temporomandibular disorders (TMD) Clinic provide care to patients with Temporomandibular Joint(TMJ),jaw, head, and/or neck TMJ pain disorders, including clicking, locking of the TMJ, difficulty using the jaw and atypical toothaches (or) any of its surrounding soft tissues.

You may also hear TMD called TMJ or TM problems. The jaw joints, or temporomandibular (TM) joints, connect the lower jawbone (mandible) to the skull. They allow the jaw to open and close for talking, chewing, swallowing, yawning, and other movements. Many people have problems with jaw movement and pain in and around the jaw joints at some time during their lives. These joint and muscle problems are complex.

What are the Symptoms?  

Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) can affect the jaw and jaw joint as well as muscles in the face, shoulder, head, and neck. Common symptoms include Common symptoms include:

  • Jaw Pain
  • Jaw Noise
  • Jaw Locking
  • Limited Jaw opening
  • A typical Tooth Pain
  • Ear Pain
  • Tinnitus
  • Headache
  • Neck Pain

In most cases, symptoms of TMD are mild and don’t last long. They tend to come and go without getting worse and usually go away without a doctor’s care.

Some people who have TMD develop long-lasting (chronic) symptoms. Chronic pain or difficulty moving the jaw may affect talking, eating, and swallowing. This may affect a person’s overall sense of well-being.

What can be done?

Clinicians trained in the treatment of TMD, orofacial pain, oral medicine and dental sleep medicine are available for evaluation and treatment.

They include

  • Dentists
  • Physical Therapists
  • Health Psychologists and
  • Other Physician Specialists.

Some ways you can begin to reduce jaw pain are to stop gum chewing, eat foods that require less chewing, limit caffeine, and avoid jaw activities that increase jaw tension or noise. When eating, try to chew on both sides of your mouth simultaneously. Avoid jaw clenching and leaning on your jaw. You may find that heat or cold applied to the jaw(s) is helpful. Over the counter pain remedies may also help decrease jaw discomfort. These may offer short-term relief until you can be evaluated.

 

 

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